Biodegradable Garbage/Composting

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composting

Composting is the natural decomposition of organic matter in a controlled atmosphere into nutrient-rich soil. We have organic materials used for composting in our house, such as waste from our kitchen, dry grass, and wooden parts. Also, when composting, one part of it is the way the microbes work in the compost. Let’s talk about that too.

Is composting sustainable?

If we talk about this simply, the most common problem we have nowadays is the garbage problem. Apart from that, various adverse climate effects have also become a problem for humans. So here, the best natural answer to these problems is composting. This is a natural process done by nature. A recycling process. At the end of the day, we get healthy soil with different nutrients. So isn’t that sustainability itself?

If we use compost instead of artificial chemical fertilizers, it will reduce the damage to our environment. Therefore, this composting is another important step for those of us who dream of living in a sustainable world. The unique thing here is that you can do composting at home. We can recycle the garbage collected over time in the house under natural conditions. It requires less effort, cost, and equipment, so this is the best way to get highly nutritious soil at a very affordable price.

Also, it is possible to sustainably manage the garbage at home. Plants in the garden can get nutritious soil at no cost. This will give you the opportunity to eat healthy foods and live a healthy life. By composting the garden, you can prevent soil erosion and conserve water. Waste releases very harmful greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, so composting reduces the emission of such gases.

Options for Composting at Home

01. Backyard composting with a pile or a bin you can build yourself or purchase

02. vermicomposting (worm composting) with a bin

composting

Backyard composting

Proper amounts of the following materials are required for making compost:

01. Materials with a high carbon percentage: We can use dry leaves and plant branches for this purpose. By obtaining materials rich in carbon, microorganisms can provide food for consumption and digestion.

02. Nitrogen-rich materials: green grass and food scraps can be used for this. Getting these will create suitable conditions for the material to break down.

03. Water: (for moisture)

04. air: (oxygen)

Steps for Backyard Composting

01. Storage of compost materials


To store fruit and vegetable waste Keep a small kitchen area—a closed part of the refrigerator or freezer.
Set aside a place in the garden to store dry leaves, twigs, plant parts, grass, etc.

02. Make a compost bin or buy one.


Consider the following when choosing a space for your yard:
It should be easy to get to Baduna at any time.
It should be a place with good drainage.
Avoid placing it over a fence.
When making the compost bin, use wood, wire, and cinder blocks. Then it can be covered well.

03. Prepare the ingredients.

It is best if you can break the material into small pieces before adding it to your compost pile so that the material in the pile breaks down quickly.

04. How to build a compost pile:

First, start with a fairly large layer, such as wood and twigs. This layer can be 4 to 6 inches deep. Applying this layer will absorb excess liquid, lift the compost pile up, and allow good air circulation at the bottom.

Microorganisms turn the materials into compost, and the necessary ingredients must be added to the compost heap so that it has carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and moisture.

When adding dry leaves, forage, etc., add them in a 4- to 8-inch layer.

The other main ingredients in the compost pile are air and water. You can keep Air circulation inside, and the pile should be turned frequently.

05. Proper maintenance of the compost heap


As the material in the compost pile decomposes, the temperature rises slightly. If properly maintained, it can reach 130° to 160° F. This temperature kills the plants and seeds of pathogens.

The compost pile should be turned frequently to speed decomposition and provide good aeration.

Check the compost pile frequently and add material to keep it balanced.

Drying out the compost pile slows its decomposition and should be moistened and mixed internally to prevent it.

If the compost pile smells bad, it may be due to excess moisture or a lack of air circulation. Add dry material to the pile to reduce this.

If the compost pile does not heat up, mix greens into it and turn the pile.

06. Final compost yield.

After giving the compost pile the necessary materials and proper conditions, allow about 4 weeks to elapse. Eventually, this will reduce to one-third in size.

A lot of well-maintained compost can be used after about 3 months.

If the materials are put in correctly, the majority of our compost pile will decompose well and become compost. Some waste may take a year to decompose.

When you look at the appearance of the compost, it shows a dark, loose appearance and a fresh smell.

Composting

Worm Composting

Another way to make compost easily at home This can be done inside or outside the house in a very small space.

This primarily requires

01. A compost bin,

02. Bedding,

03. Worms,

04. Food scraps

If this worm bin is properly maintained, it will not attract pests and will not produce a bad smell.

Steps for Worm Composting

01. Make or buy a worm bin.

If you can’t buy it, you can make it out of untreated wood or plastic. It should have a lid that we can close well so that the sun doesn’t fall in and a dark-colored bin.

Air holes should be placed near the lid of the pot and drainage holes at the bottom.

02. Choose a space for your worm bin.

You can place your bin indoors or outdoors in the shade. Cover it with blankets or straws in cold weather. Keep the temperature between 59° and 77° F.

03. Materials for your bin

Worms : There are 9000 species of earthworms, of which 9 species can be used for this purpose.
“red wriggler” or ”Eisenia fetida” is the most suitable worm species.

You can buy these from someone who grows worms for compost. You can start your composting with about 1 pound of worms.

Bedding: Tear the non-shiny paper and cardboard into small pieces and let the blanket soak it like a wet sponge for about 10 minutes.
Then fill half of the bin with blankets and put some soil in it.

Food: Vegetables, fruits, paper filters,paper tea bags, eggshells, cornmeal, etc. We can separate and add into small pieces as food for the worms in the bin.

04. Start your bin and feed your worms

Place the worms on the bedding in the tub, and add the food scraps to it.

Always cover with about two trenches of blankets while adding food. Add food in proper proportion, and always check if old food is used up when adding new food.

05. Harvest the worm compost.

We can use this compost after about 3 months.

Benefits of using compost

01. You can use this compost for plants inside or outside your house. It provides healthy soil for any cultivation, such as vegetables, fruits, and flowers.

02. You Can use as a soil amendment or mulch.

03. Improves soil structure and health.

04. It helps retain moisture and nutrients in the soil.

05. Attracting beneficial organisms to the soil reduces the need for pesticides and fertilizers.

06. Reduces soil erosion.

07. Reducing the impact of climate change.

Read more

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